This interesting and descriptive name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is occupational for a maker of arrowheads, derived from the Middle English (1200 - 1500) "tippe", tip head, a development of the Olde English pre 7th Century "typpe". This is one of the many job descriptive names associated with the manufacture of arms and armour, other such names include: Bow (a maker of bows); Spurr (a maker of spurs); Fletcher (a maker of arrows); and Sword (an armourer). The surname development since 1176 (see below) includes the following: William (le) Tipper (1214, Warwickshire); Alice Tippere (1273, Cambridgeshire); and Jone Typper (1563, London). Recordings from London Church Registers include: the marriage of Harry Tipper and Jone Faith on October 2nd 1560, at St. Peter's, Cornhill, and the christening of Jonathan, son of William and Constance Tipper, on May 20th 1666, at St. Giles' Cripplegate. A Coat of Arms granted to a family of the name is a bend chequy black and gold on a silver shield, the Crest being a hand couped in fess, holding a sword in pale, supporting on the point a garland of laurel all proper. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Tipere, which was dated 1176, in the "Pipe Rolls of Huntingdonshire", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.