This name is of English locational origin for someone who lived in the valley of the River Tyne, or from Tindale, a place in Cumberland, which is situated on a tributary of the South Tyne. This river anciently called "Tina" derives its name from the British root "ti", to flow, ("British" in this case, refers to the extinct Celtic language of the ancient Britons). The second element is the old English pre 7th Century "dael" a valley. The surname was first recorded towards the middle of the 12th Century. Other early recordings include William de Tyndale, Durham (1317). On May 19th 1651, John Tindle married Susan Sanle in St. Dunstan's, Stepney, London and on July 20th, 1732, William Tindle was christened in Cultram, Holme, Cumberland. Other variant spellings of the surname include Tindal(l), Tindale, Tindell, Tindill, Tindele, Tyndale and Tyndall. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Adam de Tindal, which was dated 1165, Pipe Rolls of Northumberland, during the reign of King Henry 11, "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.