英文姓氏辞典

English Surname Dictionary

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Shavel

This is an unusual dialectal patronymic spelling of a surname which derived originally from the town of Gerponville in the Department of Seine-Inferieure, France. The early Anglicized spelling was Charpenville, Cherville or Charville (see below), and by the Middle Ages this had crystallized into Charvill or Shervell. Other changes occurred as nameholders moved to different areas of Britain so that by the 17th Century the forms included Shavel, Chivel, Shivell and Shervell. The earliest known recording suggest that the surname was much later than the 1066 Invasion, although it is known that William the Conqueror had a number of followers from the Gerponville region. Early recordings include John de Cherville (1302, London); John Gardevill (1376, the Assize Court Rolls of Essex); and John Charvell (1522, the Petre Rolls). Church records after 1535 include: Abraham Chervyle, of St. Margaret's, Westminster, on February 12th 1551, whilst John Sheavill was christened at St. Dunstan's Church, Stepney, on September 11th 1640. Later, on June 24th 1695, Francis Shevills was a witness at Tynemouth, Northumberland. The Coat of Arms being granted in the same county. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John de Charpenville, which was dated 1296, in the "Subsidy Rolls of Essex", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.