This most interesting European surname recorded in several spellings including Rose, Rosen, Rosier, Rosie, and many others, derives from a number of possible origins. Firstly, it may be a topographical name for a person who lived at a place where wild roses grew, or a village or town of the same name, or it may be residential for a dweller in or by, a public house or inn, bearing the sign of the rose. In some cases it may be a nickname for a person of "rosy" complexion, and in each of these instances the surname derives from the English and French "rose" or the Germanic female personal name "Rose". Lastly the name may also have originated from the Yiddish female personal name "Royze", derived from the word for the flower. Early examples of the surname recordings taken from the first English and German records include Richard Roys in the Subsidy Rolls of the county of Suffolk in the year1327, and in 1350 Bentz Rose, of Stuttgart. The name as Rosier was also recorded in Germany in the 15th century where it is given as being of French origins, the nameholders being Huguenots refugees fleeing from catholic persection. The first known recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of Robert Rose, which was dated 1302, in the "London Court Rolls Register". This was during the reign of King Edward 1st, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.