This most interesting and unusual surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational surname from Ogle in Northumberland, which was recorded in the Pipe Rolls of 1170 as "Hoggel", and as "Ogle" in the 1181 Pipe Rolls. The derivation is from the Olde English personal name "Ocga", and the Olde English "hyll", a hill; hence "Ocga's hill". The name is most popular and widespread in the north of England and Scotland, where it is also found as Ogle and Ogill; the plural form indicates "of Ogle". It is also found as Ogle in Northern Ireland, where it is of Scottish extraction, having been initially associated with Co. Louth during the Cromwellian period. Early examples of the surname include Agnes Dogel, which appears in 1221 in the Curia Rolls of Northumberland; while Robert de Ogle before his death in 1362 held half the barony of the Hospital in Northumberland; Robert Ogill, who was mentioned in 1379 in the Poll Tax of Yorkshire; while Patrick Ogyl held a tenement in Haddington in 1458. Sir Chaloner Ogle (1681 - 1750) was admiral of the fleet (1749). Abraham Ogles married Frances Heydon on November 7th 1789, at St. Bride's, Fleet Street, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert de Ogle, which was dated 1181, in the "Pipe Rolls of Northumberland", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.