This rare and interesting surname is an Anglicized form of O Llongardail meaning "descendant of longradal" which has for the most part become Harrington. Fairly conclusive evidence of this is afforded by Elizabethan Fiant 3082, in which John Mac Tiege O'Hengertye of Dunbeacon, County Cork, is described as alias Harrington in 1577. Hingerty occurs twice in the County Tipperary Hearth Money Rolls of 1664. Church recordings include Mary, daughter of David and Ellen Hennerty, who was christened on March 2nd 1864, in Cork, Mary, daughter of Timothy and Hanora Hennerty was christened on May 13th 1865, at Ballyfeard, Cork, and Michael, son of John and Margaret Hennerty, was christened on December 10th 1865, at Blackrock by Cork, Cork. William, son of Patrick and Mary Hingerty, was christened in Toomyvara, Tipperary on February on February 23rd 1867. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Mac Tiege O'Hengertye, which was dated 1577, at Dunbeacon, County Cork, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1, known as "Good Queen Bess", 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.