英文姓氏辞典

English Surname Dictionary

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Knevet

This long-established surname is English but of Norman-French origins. Introduced into England at the famous Conquest of 1066, it derives from the word "cnivet", which was the Norman form of the Olde English pre 7th Century word "cniht", the later knight. The Normans had great difficulty with the "h" of "cniht". The word originally meant "boy or youth", and was later extended to mean knight, a feudal tenant bound to serve his lord as a mounted soldier. Hence, it came to denote a man of some substance, since maintaining horses and armour was an expensive business. Knights in the last sense usually belonged to ancient noble families with distinguished family names of their own, so the surname is more likely to have been originally given as an occupational name to a servant in a knight's household, or as a nickname to someone who had played the part of a knight in a medieval pageant, or won the title in some contest of skill. Early examples of the surname include: William Knivet (Lincolnshire, 1154); Thomas Knifet (Lincolnshire, 1275); and John Knyft (Essex, 1337). In 1523 the following entry appears in London Marriage Licence Records: "William Knevett, of the Household of our Lord the King, and Katherine Grey". A Coat of Arms granted to the Knevett family is a silver shield with a bend within a bordure engrailed sable, the Crest being a dragon's head between two wings expanded sable. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Leuricus Cnivet, which was dated 1087, in "Ancient Records of Middlesex", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.