This is a variant spelling of the Olde Bavarian name "Kinkel", recorded Heraldically in Riestapps Armourial General for Europe. The origin into England probably Huguenot, the first recorded entry being in the period, but this is not proven. Research suggests that the original spelling was also found as Kinkle (pronounced "Kinkler") and this is probably the link with the modern spelling. The name recordings may include Gabriel Kinkholt (London 1678) and Anthony Kinchinla who married Ann Smith at Acton in 1785. It would seem that further dialectual changes took place after this date, which resulted in the loss of the central letters, Kinkel, Kinka and Kincla being the result. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Henry Kinekel, which was dated 1730, witness at St. Martins-in-the-Field, Westminster, during the reign of King George II, "The last Warrior King", 1727 - 1766. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.