This is a developed form of the medieval German surname "Kimmerle", itself a development of the pre 7th Century personal compound "khune" meaning race or tribe and "mar" - warlike. The translation of the name is "the descendant of Khunemar". The present or modern form of the name is a modern variant which may be a "political" alternative spelling or may simply be as a result of dialectual transposition. The name is very rare in England where the usual spelling is Kimerling or possibly Kimberlin, although the derivation here is slightly different, being from "Cyne-Burgh" - Anglo-Saxon female. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Eliza Kimerling, which was dated May 25th 1851, christened at St. Leonards Church, Shoreditch, London, during the reign of Queen Victoria, "The Great White Queen", 1837 - 1901. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.