The lake district town of Kendal in Cumbira is the locational origin of this Olde English name which first appears as 'Cherchebi Kendale' in the 1086 Domesday Book. The translation is the farm (bi) at the church (cherche) in the valley (dael) of the river Kent, the name in effect being a mix of Norse-Viking and earlier English of the pre 9th century. The name development includes Johannes de Kendall (1379 Yorkshire), Roger Kendoll (1582 Ulverston), whilst the most recent variant being Kendle, William Kendle being recorded in 1816 at St. Pancras, London as marrying Sarah Unwin. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John de Kendale. which was dated 1332 The County Pipe Rolls of Cumberland. during the reign of King Edward III 'The Father of the Navy' 1327-1377. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.