This interesting surname has three possible origins. Firstly, it may be a metonymic occupational name for a cooper, deriving from the Middle English "jubbe, jobbe", a vessel containing four gallons. This could also have been a metonymic nickname for a heavy drinker or for a tubby person. Secondly, it may be a metonymic occupational name for a maker, or seller, or a nickname for a wearer, of the long woollen garment known in Middle English and Old French as a jube or jupe. Finally, it may be a nickname for the Old French "job, joppe" meaning sorry wretch, fool (perhaps a transferred application of the name of the biblical character). The surname dates back to the mid 13th Century (see below). Early recordings include Eudo le Jope (1290) in the Subsidy Rolls of Surrey, Richard Joup (1327), and Richard Joop (1332) in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex. London Church Records list the marriage of Elizabeth Jupe to John Lypset on May 17th 1607 at St. Mary Abbots, Kensington, and the christening of Hellen, daughter of Anthony Juppe on September 19th 1608 at St. Gregory by St. Paul. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is silver, a chevron between three blue eagles heads erased. The Crest is a griffin passant proper holding a gold buckle. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Henry Joppe, which was dated 1255, in the "Hundred Rolls of Wiltshire", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.