This name, with variant spelling, Ingliby, is of English locational origin from Ingleby, is of English locational origin from "Ingleby", a parish in the North Riding of Yorkshire or from any of the several places thus called in Derbyshire and Lincolnshire. The place name is so called from the Old Norse "Englabyr", "Engla" meaning "of the English" plus "byr" a "settlement", hence "a settlement of the English". One, Thomas de Ingelby appears in the "Feet of Fines for Yorkshire" (1280). The first recording of the surname is in the mid 12th Century, (see below). In 1361, one Thomas de Ingleby was rector of Houghton, Norfolk. On March 30th 1617, John Ingleby was christened in Saint Dunstan, Stepney, london. Clement Mansfield Ingleby (1823-1826), a Shakespearean critic and author published Shakespeare: "The Man and the Book" (1877), and was vice-president and foreign secretary of the Royal Society of Literature. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Goslanus de Engelby, which was dated 1157, in the "Charters of the Gilbertine Houses", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.