This unusual surname recorded as Hassell and Hassall, is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and has two possible sources. The first of these is locational, from the place in Cheshire called 'Hassall', which is first recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as 'Eteshale'. The placename means 'Haett's hollow or nook', derived from the Olde English pre 7th Century personal name 'Haett' or 'Hat(t)', with 'halh', a nook or recess. The first element of the placename may also be 'haetse', meaning 'witch'. The second possible source is topographical, and denotes residence by or near the hazel (trees), derived from the Olde English 'haesel', Olde Norse 'hesh'. In the modern idiom, the surname is found as Hassekl and Hassall. Early recordings of the surname from the 16th century church registers include; Persevall Hassall, who married Katherine Eynes, on December 11th 1570; and Elizabeth, daughter of William Hassall, who was christened on November 4th 1571, both at St Augustines church, London,. The coat of arms has the blazon of per chevron silver and gold, charged with three black pheons. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Alured del Hesel, which was dated circa 1182, in the Worcestershire Pipe Rolls, during the reign of King Henry 11, known as the Builder of Churches, 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.