The development of double-barrelled surnames is usually recent (post circa 1750), although the origin may be described as Olde English. The desire for personal identification is obvious, however, the raison d'etre is more practical, love (and money). The 18th Century was a time of romance, and the conjoining of surnames was proof of devotion. The comparison with the Olde English is that the early given names were often twin elements, which had individual meanings, but not (originally) when conjoined. An example being "army-bright" (Hariberct), now Herbert. In this case Palser is a shortened form of the occupational name Palliser, derived from the French "Paleis", to describe a maker of fences, as in Richard Paleser of Stafford in 1381. Dearle is also of Norman-French origin, it is, however, locational, deriving from the town of Airel in the La Manche region of Normandy. The development was from "de airel", fused to Dearle or Darell. The earliest recording of Palser is probably that of Roger Paleser in the 1315 Rolls of Wakefield, Yorkshire, whilst in the 1182 Pipe Rolls, also of Yorkshire, is the recording of Marmaduc Darel. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Thomas de Arel, which was dated 1162, in the "Curia Regis Rolls of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.