This name is of English locational origin from a place thus called in Lincolnshire. The name means 'Clayey pool' and is recorded as Claipol in the Domesday Book of 1086. The surname from this source first appears in Scotland in the mid 13th century. The name bearer being a cleric from England. One William de Cleipol is recorded in the 1272 Hundred Rolls of Lincolnshire. An alternate spelling de Claypol appears in 1273. William Claypole was vicar of Wyken, co. Norfolk, in 1388. In the burial records of St. George's Parish, (Barbados Island) Abigail, daughter of Edward Claypole is entered on July 16th 1679, her father being a land owner there. In 1764 one Ann Claypole married a James Beer in St. George's Church, Hanover Square, London (Marriage Licence Records). The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Master Simon de Claipol which was dated 1257, in the "Records of St. Mary's Isle", Whitehern, Scotland. during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman" 1216 - 1272 Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.