This interesting name may have Huguenot associations, and it appears that some transposition may have taken place from the apparent 16th Century French spelling of Chevalot or Italian Chevallo. Either way the name is a medieval nickname or locational name for one who had the speed of a horse or lived by or at the sign of the horse (the stables or post house). The name is recorded Heraldically under French Nobility, the Coat of Arms being three gold horse shoes, and a silver horse's head on a blue field. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Compte de Chevalot which was dated C. 1680, Paris, France during the reign of King Louis X1V of France 1638 - 1715 Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.