This is a locational name deriving from the Medieval English 'busk' or 'busche', itself deriving from the Olde English 'buse' meaning 'bush'. The name was originally given to a dweller by a bush. Alteranate spellings of the name have included 'del Busk' (1275), 'atte Buske' (1305) and Bussh (1309). In the modern idiom, the name has three spelling variations: Bush, Bushe and Busk. The spelling Busk is less common and comes from the Olde Norse 'buskr'. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Richard de la Busce. which was dated 1181, The Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire. during the reign of King Henry II, The Builder, 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.