This surname, with variant spellings Buckbee, Bugbee and Bugby, is of English locational origin from a place thus called near Daventry in Northamptonshire. Recorded as Buchebi in the Domesday Book of 1086, and as Buckeby in the 1203 Curia Regis Rolls of that county, the place was so named from Bucca, an old Scandinavian personal name, plus the old Norse "by", homestead or settlement; hence, "Bucca's settlement". The surname from this source was first recorded in the latter part of the 13th Century, (see below). Locational names were originally given to the Lord of the manor or as a means of identification to those who left their place of origin to settle elsewhere. On October 4th 1567 Anthonye Buckby and Anne Leeson were married in Everdon, Northamptonshire, and on March 26th 1587 Jane, daughter of Clement Buckby, was christened in Holy Trinity the Less, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William de Buckeby, which was dated 1273, in "The Hundred Rolls of Buckinghamshire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.